与此同时,衡量差距

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与此同时,衡量差距

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沃什特诺县是全空白。

They exist between vulnerable groups of the population and the majority –– exhibited in housing and health. But most importantly, these gaps are between black and white.

Income is one of the largest factors perpetuating the gap between African Americans and whites in the county. But to understand why 收入差距 is so prevalent in our own county, it is important to recognize that it starts with the manufacturing industry.

在1993年以前,通用汽车公司的汽车工厂位于伊普西兰蒂附近,但员工从底特律日常通勤。取得了漫长的通勤上班迟到日常的员工。这种情况的解决方案是在工厂附近建立出入方便的住房,从而住房街区像西方建立柳树。县城东侧已开始蓬勃发展:它的居民,尽管已经比县委,制造工作他们提高收入的其余部分地位较低的教育。随着在该地区作业过多,伊普西兰蒂的计税依据为高。

But after a lawsuit brought about 通过 Ypsilanti Township and 沃什特诺县, the Willow Run 通用汽车 plant closed down. A majority of the residents of West Willow were left unemployed.

相比其他安阿伯和县的部分地区,伊普西兰蒂目前的计税依据要低得多。作为一个整体,沃什特诺县的住房市场是整个国家最昂贵的市场之一;但随着房地产价格飙升到数百万美元,住宅区和像西柳树社区东侧是买家比西侧的那些不太理想。安阿伯是在县一个有吸引力的城市:像密歇根州和优秀的公立学校的大学制度导致富裕的买家涌向城市,升降安阿伯的计税依据全县其他城市之上。 

继续担任安娜堡增长,收入差距扩大伊普西兰蒂之间;表现在全县的贫困东侧。由伊普西兰蒂伊普西兰蒂镇和高级乡,县的东侧是家里的多数非洲裔美国人和latinx居民;根据沃什特诺县政府,非洲裔居民的60%生活在低收入地区。贫穷是对健康的影响的社会决定因素之一很大程度上是多数沃什特诺县非洲裔居民。主要社会因素决定人的健康和福祉,以及他们的经济和社会条件一般。教育,居住和种族是其中的决定因素除了贫困。 

Low income exacerbates the gap in health between black and white residents in the county. These health disparities occur in two forms: upstream and downstream factors.

“Downstream factors are immediate factors that are proximal towards individual behaviors and health care behaviors,” said Juan Marquez, the medical director of the 沃什特诺县卫生局. “It’s things somebody can do. Somebody can potentially eat different.” 

Diabetes is one of the largest health disparities among African Americans in the county, and its high rates can be linked to downstream factors. Managing chronic illnesses can be tricky for vulnerable populations, like those of low income.